The World’s most senior Hydrographic Office (founded in 1720), Shom is a Ministry of Defence’s Public Establishment governed by a joint inter-ministerial Board of Directors. As a French Public Service body, Shom is tasked with collecting and checking all the information necessary to ensure the safety of navigation. Shom also disseminates this information or controls its dissemination to mariners. As a field operator, Shom carries out or supervises all surveys in the more than l0 million km2 French jurisdiction and elaborates and updates the official nautical charts, publications and ENCs.
The French Biodiversity Agency (AFB) is a public establishment of an administrative nature created on January 1st, 2017 and placed under the governance of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and the Sea. The main assignments of AFB are:
- Supporting public policies for the creation and management of marine protected areas in the entirety of French maritime waters
- Running the MPA network
- Technical and financial support of natural marine parks
- Reinforcing French potential in intemational negotiations concerning the sea.
The Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) is a public research organisation founded in 1914 and involved in multidisciplinary marine research. IEO is responsible for providing the scientific basis for the management of marine living resources exploited by the Spanish fishing fleets, as well as advice on issues related to aquaculture, oceanography and marine pollution and environment. The Institute headquarters are located in Madrid but has nine coastal laboratories, five aquaculture plants and five research vessels. The current staffs include about 600 people, half of which are qualified scientists.
CEDEX is a National Public Institute that offers high level technical assistance and scientific knowledge in the fields of civil engineering and enviromnental management. CEDEX was fotmded in 1957 on the ground of pre-existing laboratories of Civil Engineering and has the following lines of activity:
- Develop research & development in the fields of civil engineering and enviromnental management (create knowledge)
- Serve governments, public institutions and private companies in Spain and abroad (apply knowledge)
- Network with related foreign and international entities in technical co-operation programs, associations, working groups, etc. (share knowledge)
- Organise conferences, courses and other training activities for professionals in order to promote the transfer of technology and related enviromnental issues into the civil engineering sector (distribute knowledge)
On January lst 2014, ll centres of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (namely the 8 CETEs, the Certu, the Cetmef and the Setra) merged to form Cerema (Centre for Studies and Expertise on Risks, Environment, Mobility, and Urban and Country Planning), an administrative public body with 3,100 employees. Placed under the joint supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy and the Ministry of Housing, Territorial Equality and Rural Affairs, Cerema is a resource centre for scientific and teclmical expertise, in support of the definition, implementation and evaluation of public policies, carried by national and local authorities. Specific features of Cerema are a strong territorial rooting and its capacity to combine many fields of expertise to answer complex questions related to sustainable development.
Since its beginning, University of Aveiro (UAVR) has transformed itself into one of the most dynamic and innovative universities in the country. UAVR has now more than 15000 students distributed by 16 Academic Departments and 4 Polytechnic Schools which work together in an inter-disciplinary manner according to their academic and research affinities. UAVR is a place for research, where innovative products and solutions are developed to contribute to the advance of science and technology. UAVR is strongly committed with the community and it is a privileged partner for companies and other regional, national and international organisations with which the University cooperates in ntunerous projects and for which it provides important services.
The Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (www.cpmr.org) brings together some 160 Regions from 24 States from the European Union and beyond. Representing about 200 million people, the CPMR campaigns in favour of a more balanced development of the European territory. It operates both as a think tank and as a lobby for Regions.
Through its extensive network of contacts within the EU institutions and national governments the CPMR has, since its creation in 1973, been targeting its action towards ensuring that the needs and interests of its member Regions are taken into account in respect of policies with a high tenitorial impact.